58th Executive Committee Meeting – Seoul, South Korea, May 2019
The 58th Executive Committee (ExCo) Meeting of the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Technology Collaboration Programme on Advanced Fuel Cells (AFC TCP) was held at the Hotel Intercontinental, Pyeongchang, South Korea, during May 07-09 2019. 16 participants were present, including 9 ExCo members from Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Japan, Korea, Sweden, Switzerland and the US.
A focus point in this ExCo meeting was on alkaline fuel cells and the outreach meeting with the International Gangwon Hydrogen Forum.
In cooperation with the International Hydrogen Forum 2019 the ExCo took part and contributed to the main conference held on May9th on the topics “Green Hydrogen Production & Technology” as well as “P2G evidence & liquidation”. More than 500 international participants took part in this forum.
59th Executive Committee Meeting – Rugao, China, September 25-27, 2019
The 59th Executive Committee (ExCo) Meeting of the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Technology Collaboration Programme on Advanced Fuel Cells (AFC TCP) was held during the Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Conference 2019 (FCEV) in Rugao, China, during September 25-27 2019. 9 participants were present, including 6 ExCo members from China, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, and Korea.
A focus point in this ExCo meeting was on the subtask Heavy Duty Vehicles Application as well as the hydrogen report from IEA.
National update: Germany
Presented by R. Can Samsun, Research Center Juelich, Germany
The share of renewable energy in gross electricity consumption reached 37.8% at the end of 2018 in Germany. Meanwhile, emissions of greenhouse gases declined by around 31% from 1990 to 2018 . Germany, however aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2020 and at least 55% by 2030. Massive and rapid efforts are required to achieve the set targets. Hydrogen, fuel cell and electrolysis technologies provide the base for sector coupling, which is essential to achieve the climate targets. National Innovation Programme Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology in its second phase provides the framework for R&D and market activation projects in Germany. NOW GmbH is responsible for coordinating and managing the government programme.
Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy recently announced that they would provide 100 Mio Euro funding per year for “Real laboratories of the energy transition”. In 20 real laboratories nationwide, companies will be testing above all new hydrogen technologies on an industrial scale and in a real environment. In addition, the federal government will adopt a hydrogen strategy by the end of the year, in which the real laboratories are an important block .The number of public hydrogen refueling stations reached 76 as of October 2019; whereas further 11 stations were in planning, 4 in approval, 5 in execution and 7 in trial operation phase . With these numbers, 100 public hydrogen refueling stations are expected at the beginning of 2020. Two fuel cell trains being already in regular passenger operation in Lower Saxony and a previous order of 14 trains to start operation from 2021, Alstom will deliver 27 additional fuel cell trains until the timetable change in 2022/2023. These trains will replace diesel trains in four regional railway lines in the Taunus mountain range (north of Frankfurt) .
Further highlights from the presentation included:
- Self-assembling and self-healing catalyst films for alkaline water electrolysis from Ruhr-University Bochum, Analytical Chemistry – Center for Electrochemical Sciences,
- 400 kW PEM electrolysis stack, PEFCs for operation temperatures up to 120 °C, efficient operation strategies for DMFC, quick start for fuel processing for diesel-based APU and reversible SOC system from Forschungszentrum Jülich,
- X-EMU project for the development and validation of a high-performance fuel cell propulsion system for hybrid EMU railcars by IEM, ISEA, vka (RWTH Aachen University) and Siemens,
- Fuel cell system simulation focusing on membrane water management by Institute for Combustion Engines (vka) of RWTH Aachen University,
- Large fuel cell system for the use with diesel or methane (SchIBZTM project) by thyssenkrupp Marine Systems, OWI, ZBT, Sunfire, Hülsenbusch Apparatebau, Rosswag Engineering, Tec4Fuels, DNVGL, Leibniz Universität Hannover,
- Fuel cell system testing at FEV Europe GmbH, and
- Production technology for metal microstructures for fuel cells and electrolysis from Graebener.
 German Environment Agency
 H2 Mobility
National update: Denmark
Presented by Annika Fisher, Danish Energy Agency, Denmark
The Danish government has no direct targets regarding fuel cells, but Denmark has released a new energy agreement in 2018 with ambitious goals regarding the green energy transition. With the new energy agreement from 2018 there will be a total investment of 19 billion DKK (2.5 billion EUR) in green energy technologies towards 2050. Furthermore, Denmark has some motivated market players related to fuels cell systems and hydrogen infrastructure. Ballard Europe has announced that they will become the new Centre of Excellence for marine fuel cell solutions and Nel hydrogen wants to implement 200 Fuel Cell buses by 2020 in Denmark through an international EU project. The Danish researchers also still are highly interested in fuel cells and the governmental energy technology development and demonstration program has granted in total approximately 3.75 billion kr. in energy technology projects over the years (2007-2018), whereof 20 % was given as grant to hydrogen and fuel cell projects. There are always ongoing dissemination activities between the hydrogen TCP, the AFC TCP and the Danish Energy Agency.
National update: South Korea
Presented by Dr. Chang Won Yoon, Korean Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), South Korea
The 58th ExCo meeting took place in the City of Pyeongchang, which is also known as the Clean City in Korea. In 2017, a new government was established and the new president announced to shut down nuclear reactors by 2060. In January 2019, the Korean Government announced its ambitious roadmap towards hydrogen-based economy:
130.000 t / a
470.000 t / a
5.260.00 t / a
The roadmap for hydrogen technology development is in preparation and will include hydrogen production, hydrogen storage, fuel cells for transportation applications, fuel cells for stationary power generations and safety, environment and infrastructure concerning technologies. The roadmap will be completed at the end of 2019.
National update: France
Presented by Thierry Priem, Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), France
The French National Hydrogen Plan (June 2018) is based on the Development of regional ecosystems of hydrogen mobility for zero emission solutions for road, rail, river, etc. transport with the deployment of:
- By 2023:
- 5,000 light commercial vehicles and 200 heavy vehicles (buses, trucks, regional trains, boats)
- 100 hydrogen stations to refuel vehicles with locally produced hydrogen.
- By 2028:
- 20,000 to 50,000 light commercial vehicles and 800 to 2,000 heavy vehicles
- 400 to 1,000 hydrogen stations.
In 2019, 100 million euros will be earmarked for the deployment of clean hydrogen. The Hydrogen Mobility Consortium gather many players of the value chain: from energy to end users.
In September 2019, 324 FCEV and 28 HRS are deployed in France and more than 80 Fuel Cell buses are planned to be deployed in the coming years.
Among the main demonstration projects, the following projects on Fuel Cells can be mentioned:
- The “Hype project”: world's first fleet of hydrogen taxis with a fleet of more than 110 Fuel cell Taxis in Paris,
- The first two hydrogen buses went into commercial operation in France in September between Versailles and Jouy-en-Josas, west-south of Paris.
- The “Zero Emission Valley” project in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Region with the deployment of 1000 FCEV and 20 HRS.
Two industrial highlights can also be mentioned:
- Michelin and Faurecia announced on April 2019 the signature of a Memorandum of Understanding to create a joint venture bringing together all of Michelin’s fuel cell related activities – including its subsidiary Symbio – with those of Faurecia.
- Pragma Industries has designed αlpha, the first commercially available electrically assisted bike with a fuel cell. 200 eBikes were available for journalists during the G7 Summit in Biarritz where Chile's President ordered 1000 hydrogen eBikes for COP25 in Chile in December 2019.
National update: Italy
Presented by Dr. Viviana Cigolotti, National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA), Italy
Italy adopted in 2017 the EU Directive for the creation of infrastructures for alternative fuels, including hydrogen. As a result, Hydrogen has been explicitly included in the proposal of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan submitted to the European Commission in December 2018, where it is expected to contribute around 1% of the 2030 RES-Transport target.
The Italian Ministry of Economic Development has established in June 2019 a Hydrogen Task Force consisting of the main national actors in the supply chain in order to define an implementation plan.
Research highlights in Italy are for example:
- New technologies and strategies for fuel cells and hydrogen technologies in the phase of recycling and dismantling
- Membrane reactor technology to produce high grade H2 for fuel cells applications
- Higher-resolution mapping of cell processes, 3D simulation of MCFC and SOFC
- Design, manufacturing and evaluation of glass-ceramic seals for long-term SOC operation,
- Use of solid oxide cells for both power and hydrogen generation to achieve zero harmful emissions and carbon footprint
- Floating microbial fuel cells for energy harvesting and sensing
Fuel cell news
H2Future: Start of operation of the PEM Electrolyser
On 11th November, the hydrogen electrolysis plant in Linz successfully started the production of green hydrogen. The latest PEM technology is being used in Linz, initially in the form of 12 PEM modules with a total capacity of 6 megawatts. They are able to produce 110 kg of hydrogen an hour, a level currently unmatched. The hydrogen produced is also “green”, i.e. CO2-free, because the electricity used for electrolysis is generated from renewable sources (hydropower and wind).
The pilot project will initially run until mid-2021 and the EU will bear two thirds of the costs of EUR 18 million.
Please find more information to the project H2future here
Norwegians want to build fuel cell ship, offering zero-emission marine operations
Norwegian shipbuilder and designer Ulstein says it is ready to deliver a zero-emission offshore construction vessel within three years.
With current technology, the Ulstein SX190 design is already able to operate in zero-emission mode for four days. However, with the rapid developments in hydrogen storage and fuel cell technologies, a future zero-emission endurance of up to two weeks is targeted. For extended missions and capabilities, the vessel can fall back on its more conventional diesel-electric system using low sulfur marine diesel oil.
The SX190 Zero Emission design is based on Ulstein’s existing SX190 vessel platform and has a total installed power of 7.5 MW, of which 2 MW is generated by a fuel cell power system, typically Nedstack Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells, which are located in a separate, 2nd engine room
Read more here
Publication: Initial approaches in benchmarking and round robin testing...
...for proton exchange membrane water electrolyzers
Scientific discussions with experts from the AFC TCP helped to finalize this report. The publication costs were covered by the AFC TCP to make the scientific report available to the public.
Publication: Position Paper on Solid Oxide Cells by the AFC TCP
Experts from the AFC TCP Annex 32 put together a position paper on the subject Solid Oxide Cells with information on the status quo and the future of this technology.
Join our work
We welcome new participants to our work at expert, company and country levels. Participants from our member countries (ieafuelcell.com/contact) may join the work of our Annexes, please contact the following people:
Annex 30: Electrolysis, Dr. Marcelo Carmo: firstname.lastname@example.org
Annex 31: Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, Dr Di-Jia (DJ) Liu: email@example.com
Annex 32: Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Dr Jari Kiviaho: firstname.lastname@example.org
Annex 33: Fuel Cells for Stationary Applications, Dr Viviana Cigolotti: email@example.com
Annex 34: Fuel Cells for Transportation, Dr Rajesh Ahluwalia: firstname.lastname@example.org
Annex 35: Fuel Cells for Portable Applications, Dr Fabio Matera: email@example.com
Annex 36: Systems Analysis, Dr Can Samsun: firstname.lastname@example.org
Annex 37: Modelling of Fuel Cells Systems, Professor Dr Steven Beale: email@example.com
If you are from a non-member country, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org who would be delighted to discuss membership with you, either on a country basis or on a sponsorship basis. Please visit www.ieafuelcell.com to see the benefits of joining our work.
Special thanks to the following companies for their permission to use the pictures in this newsletter: René Frampe
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